Trace metals translocation from soil to plants: Health risk assessment via consumption of vegetables in the urban sprawl of a developing country

Food Chem Toxicol. 2024 Mar 9:114580. doi: 10.1016/j.fct.2024.114580. Online ahead of print.


The study was conducted at 15 locations around the thermal power plant of Patuakhali district at the coastal area of Bangladesh to determine trace elements in vegetable and assess risk of toxicity. Eight vegetables, namely, tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.), radish (Raphanus raphanistrum L.), bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), brinjal (Solanum melongena L.), bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria L.), red amaranth (Amaranthus cruentus L.), arum (Arum maculatum L.) and lady’s finger (Abelmoschus esculentus L.) were analyzed for nine trace metals (Cr, Ni, Cu, As, Cd, Pb, Fe, Mn and Zn) to assess contamination load of trace elements in agricultural soil, and health risks posed from vegetable consumption. The mean concentrations of Cr, Cr, Ni, Cu, As, Cd, Pb, Fe, Mn, and Zn in soil were 16.6, 14.8, 5.8, 1.3, 0.72, 9.7, 55261, 456.1, and 105.8 mg/kg, respectively. Average concentrations of As, Cd, and Pb in vegetable species were higher than the maximum allowable concentration (MAC), indicating vegetables species were contaminated by these elements and may pose potential risk to human. Fe, Mn, Zn, Cr, Cu, Pb, and As in soil and vegetables of the study area may arise from anthropogenic activities. The present study suggests that surface soil used for vegetables production should be continuously monitored to check the transfer of toxic metals into the vegetables to minimize the adverse health impacts on consumers and potential threats to food safety.

PMID:38467293 | DOI:10.1016/j.fct.2024.114580