The Effect of Pluchea indica (L.) Less. Tea on Blood Glucose and Lipid Profile in People with Prediabetes: A Randomized Clinical Trial

J Altern Complement Med. 2021 Aug;27(8):669-677. doi: 10.1089/acm.2020.0246. Epub 2021 Jun 1.


Objective: Diabetes mellitus and dyslipidemia are currently increasing dramatically, and conventional medicine in the treatment of them has limited efficacies and serious adverse effects. Pluchea indica (L.) Less. tea (PIT) is widely consumed as a health-promoting drink in Southeast Asia. This study aimed to investigate whether P. indica tea has antidyslipidemic and antihyperglycemic effects and toxicity in humans. Design: A randomized clinical trial. Setting/Location: Nakhonratchasima, Thailand. Participants: Forty-five participants with prediabetes. Interventions: Participants were randomized to receive placebo tea, 1.5 g of PIT, and 1.5 g Camellia sinensis tea (green tea, CST) once daily for 12 weeks. Outcome Measurements: The oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), total cholesterol, triglyceride (TG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine, alanine transaminase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and complete blood count (CBC) before and after treatment were investigated. Results: The results showed that PIT significantly ameliorated hyperglycemia and significantly lower serum TG (109.22 ± 5.21 mg/dL) and LDL-C (122.20 ± 3.67 mg/dL) than placebo (145.56 ± 8.18 and 142.07 ± 8.58 mg/dL, respectively) (p < 0.05). Moreover, PIT exhibited serum TG (109.22 ± 5.21 mg/dL) significantly lower than CST (124.38 ± 4.70 mg/dL) (p < 0.05). In addition, the serum HDL-C of PIT (57.56 ± 3.05 mg/dL) was significantly higher than the placebo (46.44 ± 2.47 mg/dL) (p < 0.05). Furthermore, the toxicity testing showed that no significant difference in BUN, creatinine, ALT, ALP, and CBC of PIT-treated group compared with the placebo (p > 0.05). Conclusions: These results suggest that PIT may ameliorate hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia in prediabetes people. It may not be toxic to the kidney, liver, and blood. So, PIT has the potential to develop to be a health-promoting tea or herbal medicine for hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia prevention.

PMID:34076495 | DOI:10.1089/acm.2020.0246