Spontaneous secondary pneumothorax due to cannabis-induced bullous lung disease: a case report

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Ann Med Surg (Lond). 2023 Jun 20;85(7):3731-3734. doi: 10.1097/MS9.0000000000000968. eCollection 2023 Jul.


Marijuana use has grown rapidly in the last decade with a prevalence greater than that of cocaine and opioids. With its increasing recreational and medical use, potential adverse outcomes from heavy use may be associated with bullous lung disease and spontaneous pneumothorax. This case report has been reported in line with the SCARE Criteria.

CASE PRESENTATION: The authors describe a case of an adult male with a past medical history of spontaneous pneumothorax and long-standing marijuana use presenting with dyspnoea who was found to have a secondary spontaneous pneumothorax requiring invasive treatment.

CLINICAL DISCUSSION: The aetiology of lung injury due to heavy marijuana smoke may be from direct tissue injury from inhaled irritants and the method of which marijuana smoke is inhaled compared with tobacco smoke.

CONCLUSION: Chronic marijuana use should be considered when evaluating structural lung disease and pneumothorax in the setting of minimal tobacco use.

PMID:37427209 | PMC:PMC10328572 | DOI:10.1097/MS9.0000000000000968

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