Physicochemical Characterization of Pectic Polysaccharides from Rose Essential Oil Industry By-Products

Foods. 2024 Jan 15;13(2):270. doi: 10.3390/foods13020270.


The rose essential oil industry generates large quantities of solid byproducts yearly. These by-products, usually discarded, could yield valuable substances, such as pectic polysaccharides, widely used in the food industry as jelling agents. Seven industrial by-products were investigated as a source of pectic polysaccharides: four samples resulted from the treatment of Rosa damascena, two from Rosa alba, and one from Rosa centifolia. Three by-products were from steam-water distillation, two from CO2-supercritical extraction, and two after extraction with hexane and 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane. The by-products were pretreated with 70% ethanol and extracted with 0.1 M HCl. The highest polysaccharide yield was observed for 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane-extracted (RD_F) Rosa damascena by-products (13.98 ± 0.14%), followed by hexane (RD_X) and CO2-extracted (RD_CO2) Rosa damascena (12.68 ± 0.11 and 12.66 ± 0.10%, respectively). The polysaccharides were middle-methoxylated pectins, except RD_F and RD_X, having 26.68 ± 1.14 and 31.39 ± 1.39 mol % degree of methoxylation (low-methoxyl pectins). The polysaccharides had molecular masses in the 2.3-2.6 × 104 Da range. The rheological studies suggested RD_F formed a strong high-sucrose gel, while the others yielded weak gels. RD_F and RD_X formed strong Ca2+-mediated gels, comparable with commercial low-methoxylated citrus pectin. This study suggests that rose oil industry by-products could be successfully valorized and yield pectic polysaccharides with gelling properties, comparable with commercial citrus pectins.

PMID:38254571 | DOI:10.3390/foods13020270