Lipidic dispersion to reduce food dependent oral bioavailability of fenofibrate: In vitro, in vivo and in silico assessments

Eur J Pharm Biopharm. 2015 Oct;96:207-16. doi: 10.1016/j.ejpb.2015.07.014. Epub 2015 Jul 26.


Novel formulations that overcome the solubility limitations of poorly water soluble drugs (PWSD) are becoming ever more critical to a drug development process inundated with these compounds. There is a clear need for developing bio-enabling formulation approaches to improve oral bioavailability for PWSD, but also to establish a range of predictive in vitro and in silico biopharmaceutics based tools for guiding formulation design and forecasting in vivo effects. The dual aim of this study was to examine the potential for a novel lipid based formulation, termed a lipidic dispersion, to enhance fasted state oral bioavailability of fenofibrate, while also assessing the predictive ability of biorelevant in vitro and in silico testing. Formulation as a lipidic dispersion improved both dissolution and solubilisation of fenofibrate through a combination of altered solid state characteristics and incorporation of solubilising lipidic excipients. These changes resulted in an increased rate of absorption and increased maximal plasma concentrations compared to a commercial, micronised product (Lipantil® Micro) in a pig model. Combination of biorelevant in vitro measurements with in silico physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modelling resulted in an accurate prediction of formulation performance and forecasts a reduction in food effects on fenofibrate bioavailability through maximising its fasted state dissolution.

PMID:26215636 | DOI:10.1016/j.ejpb.2015.07.014