Evaluation of the thermal stability of bioactive compounds in coffee beans and their fractions modified in the roasting process

Food Chem. 2022 Apr 4;387:132888. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2022.132888. Online ahead of print.


Coffee is used as flavor or health-promoting additive in thermally processed food. In this study, ground coffee and freeze-dried coffee extracts were evaluated in terms of their thermal stabilities, and for the first time heat resistance of fractions (mono-, dichlorogenic acids and caffeine) with different roasting levels was evaluated. It observed that the degradation of green coffee bean ingredients began at 150 °C, and for the re-heated light and dark roasted, in the range of 171-188 °C. The lyophilized extracts were more stable and their degradation began around 160 °C. However, with the re-treatment (cooking, baking, frying) of the coffee extract fractions, the degradation of the monochlorogenic acids commenced at 114 °C, while for dichlorogenics at 108 °C and caffeine at 146 °C. Monochlorogenic acids in Robusta coffee showed high antioxidant activity (55-70%) and the highest content of fiber (13-17%). Coffee could be used to fortify food.

PMID:35397274 | DOI:10.1016/j.foodchem.2022.132888