Effect of torrefaction on fuel properties of biopellets

Heliyon. 2024 Jan 10;10(2):e23989. doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2024.e23989. eCollection 2024 Jan 30.


The study aimed to determine the effects of torrefaction on the fuel properties of pellets. Therefore, firstly, torrefaction parameters of rose (Rosa Damascena Mill.) oil distillation solid waste and red pine sawdust were determined through the torrefaction optimization process in terms of temperature and holding time. Then, using the selected torrefaction parameters, 14 different raw and torrefied pellets containing RP, PS, and Turkish Elbistan Lignite were prepared in different weight ratios. Finally, the fuel properties of the prepared raw and torrefied pellets, namely dimensions, proximate analyses, higher heating values, tensile strength, durability, abrasive resistance, and water uptake resistances, were investigated. The findings demonstrated that the higher heating values and carbon content of raw biomass samples increased while their volatile matter content decreased. The use of lignite at high concentrations led to an increase in ash content and a decrease in the strength and durability of pellets, which should be emphasized. In addition, red pine sawdust was used in place of solid waste from rose oil distillation solid waste to produce pellets with greater strength. All pellet mixtures with torrefaction had higher heating values and energy densities despite the fact that their mass and energy efficiency had decreased. It was determined that torrefaction increased the pellets’ resistance to absorbing water and gave them a more hydrophobic structure. Thus, it was determined that torrefaction could enhance the crucial fuel parameters of the biomass samples.

PMID:38298728 | PMC:PMC10827685 | DOI:10.1016/j.heliyon.2024.e23989