Enhanced biodegradation of benzo[a]pyrene with Trametes versicolor stimulated by citric acid

Environ Geochem Health. 2024 Jul 4;46(8):282. doi: 10.1007/s10653-024-02053-9.


Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are a class of persistent organic pollutants with carcinogenic, mutagenic and teratogenic effects. The white-rot fungi in the fungal group have significant degradation ability for high molecular weight organic pollutants. However, exogenous fungi are easily antagonized by indigenous microorganisms. Low molecular weight organic acids, a small molecular organic matter secreted by plants, can provide carbon sources for soil microorganisms. Combining organic acids with white rot fungi may improve the nutritional environment of fungi. In this study, immobilized Trametes versicolor was used to degrade benzo[a]pyrene in soil, and its effect on removing benzo[a]pyrene in soil mediated by different low molecular weight organic acids was investigated. The results showed that when the degradation was 35 days, the removal effect of the experimental group with citric acid was the best, reaching 43.7%. The degradation effect of Trametes versicolor on benzo[a]pyrene was further investigated in the liquid medium when citric acid was added, and the effects of citric acid on the biomass, extracellular protein concentration and laccase activity of Trametes versicolor were investigated by controlling different concentrations of citric acid. In general, citric acid can act as a carbon source for Trametes versicolor and promote its extracellular protein secretion and laccase activity, thereby accelerating the mineralization of benzo[a]pyrene by Trametes versicolor. Therefore, citric acid can be used as a biostimulant in the remediation of PAHs contaminated soil with Trametes versicolor.

PMID:38963450 | DOI:10.1007/s10653-024-02053-9